Luthers transformational idea of justification by faith alone was often misunderstood and misrepresented in the early years of the Reformation.
In 1520, with his Wittenberg congregation in mind, Luther set out to clarify the biblical foundation of good works.
In doing so he recast the very definitions of sacred and secular both for his own generation and ours.
Martin Luther (1483-1546) was a German theologian, an Augustinian monk, and an ecclesiastical reformer whose teachings inspired the Reformation and deeply influenced the doctrines and culture of the Lutheran and Protestant traditions. Luther’s call to the Church to return to the teachings of the Bible led to the formation of new traditions within Christianity and to the Counter-Reformation, the Catholic reaction to these movements. His contributions to Western civilization went beyond the life of the Christian Church. His translations of the Bible helped to develop a standard version of the German language and added several principles to the art of translation.
His hymns inspired the development of congregational singing in Christianity. Three of his best known works were published in 1520: To the Christian Nobility of the German Nation, On the Babylonian Captivity of the Church, and Concerning Christian Liberty. Other works include: Concerning Confession (1521), Against the Murderous, Thieving Hordes of Peasants (1525), On the Jews and Their Lies (1543), On the Holy Name and the Lineage of Christ (1543) and Against the Papacy at Rome Founded by the Devil (1545).This content is for members only.